CIESC Journal ›› 2023, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (1): 397-407.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20221055

• Reviews and monographs • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Modulating luminescent behaviors of Au nanoclusters via supramolecular strategies

Guojuan QU1(), Tao JIANG2, Tao LIU1, Xiang MA2()   

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200030, China
    2.School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Received:2022-07-27 Revised:2022-11-28 Online:2023-01-05 Published:2023-03-20
  • Contact: Xiang MA;


Au nanoclusters (AuNCs) stand out in the fields of catalysis, bioimaging, sensing, analytical detection, drug delivery, displaying and illumination owing to their abundant optical properties and unique nanostructures. However, the low quantum yield (QY) and single emissive band seriously hinder the development prospects of most AuNCs, and the preparation of AuNCs with tunable luminescence, high QY, and long luminescent lifetime has become current research focus in this field. Supramolecular strategies such as host-guest inclusion, embedding in polymer matrix, hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions have been widely used to control the luminescent behavior of AuNCs and improve their QY. In view of this, this review systematically expounds the mechanism of supramolecular strategies to modulate the luminescent behavior of AuNCs, summarizes the recent research progress in the construction and regulation of multifunctional AuNCs based on supramolecular strategies, and looks forward to the opportunities and challenges in the field of AuNC luminescence.

Key words: nanomaterials, Au nanoclusters, photochemistry, modulate luminescence, supramolecular assembly, nanoparticles

CLC Number: 

  • TQ 050.4


Jablonski diagram for the fundamental photophysical process of AuNCs"


(a) Synthesis of AuNCs@β-CD and loading on the surface of TiO2 NPs to enhance photocatalytic activity and improve the degradation rate of organic pollutants [62]; (b) Synthesis process of β-CD@AuNCs and its detections of dopamine and cholesterol [63-64]; (c) Synthesis process of near-infrared β-CD@AuNCs[65]; (d) Bright near-infrared second region (NIR-Ⅱ) AuNCs synthesized through β-CD as ligand and used to track labeled proteins to realize targeted tumor visualization[66]"


(a) Luminescent nanoswitches constructed based on supramolecular assembly strategy to regulate the luminescence of CC/DTT-AuNCs[75]; (b) Fluorescence-to-phosphorescence switching of molecular AuNCs induced by aggregation[76]; (c) AuNCs@histidine and poly-BrNpA doped into PVA matrix to regulate luminescence[77]; (d) GSH-AuNCs and host-guest supramolecular constructed temperature-humidity dual-responsive luminescent materials through self-assembly strategy[78]"


(a) Enhanced green luminescence of water-soluble ATT-AuNCs through host-guest interaction between ATT-AuNCs and arginine[80]; (b) Brighten FGGC-AuNCs in aqueous solution based on host-guest inclusion strategy between CB and the surface ligands of FGGC-AuNCs[82]; (c) Chitosan mediated Au(0)@Au(Ⅰ)-SG NCs with different luminescence to form reversible gels under supramolecular forces[84]; (d) GSH@AuNCs as cross-linkers to construct hydrogels and utilize their abundant hydrogen bond network structures enhancing the luminescence of GSH@AuNCs[85]"

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