CIESC Journal ›› 2016, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (S1): 148-158.doi: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20160711

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Mass transfer of positive vanadium ions across cell membrane under magnetoelectric composite field

ZHU Le1, QI Liang1, YAO Kejian1, XIE Xiaofeng2   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory Breed Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, Zhejiang, China;
    2 Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2016-05-24 Revised:2016-05-29 Online:2016-08-31 Published:2016-08-31
  • Supported by:

    supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China for the Youth (21306170).


The mass transfer of positive vanadium ions across Nafion117 membrane within the magnetic field, electric field, and other additives complex field were studied. Diffusion coefficients were estimated based on experimental data based on the Darcy's Law. The results show that the forward electric field will increase the permeability of vanadium ions. The permeability within an electric field density was estimated to be 30 V·m-1 which is 2.53 times as large as that without applied electric field. A non-uniform magnetic field can significantly help reduce the permeability of vanadium ions. When the non-uniform magnetic and electric fields are applied simultaneously, the effects of non-uniform magnetic field on the mass transfer are more noteble. A higher concentration of sulfuric acid solution contributes more to reduce the permeability of VOVO2+. Permeability of VOVO2+ are also decreased by mixing in glycerol, ligninsulfonate and other cathode electrolyte additives.

Key words: vanadium redox flow battery, magnetic field, complex field, Darcy’s law, diffusion coefficients

CLC Number: 

  • TM911
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