化工学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (8): 3933-3945.doi: 10.11949/0438-1157.20201843

• 综述与专论 • 上一篇    下一篇

静电纺丝纤维对煤基气体污染物脱除研究进展

冯宇1,2,3(),张鑫2,张曼2,王建成1,阎智锋2,李甫2,费鹏飞2,卢建军1,2,米杰1()   

  1. 1.太原理工大学省部共建煤基能源清洁高效利用国家重点实验室,山西 太原 030008
    2.太原理工大学轻纺工程学院,山西 晋中 030600
    3.山西新华防化装备研究院有限公司,山西 太原 030000
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-16 修回日期:2021-03-30 出版日期:2021-08-05 发布日期:2021-08-05
  • 通讯作者: 冯宇,米杰 E-mail:sxyfeng@sina.com;mijie111@163.com
  • 作者简介:冯宇(1991—),男,博士,讲师,sxyfeng@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(21908156);山西省自然科学基金项目(201901D211099)

Research progress on the removal of coal based gas pollutants by electrospun fibers

Yu FENG1,2,3(),Xin ZHANG2,Man ZHANG2,Jiancheng WANG1,Zhifeng YAN2,Fu LI2,Pengfei FEI2,Jianjun LU1,2,Jie MI1()   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Coal Science and Technology, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030008, Shanxi, China
    2.College of Textile Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Jinzhong 030600, Shanxi, China
    3.Shanxi Xinhua Chemical Defense Equipment Research Institute Co. , Ltd. , Taiyuan 030000, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2020-12-16 Revised:2021-03-30 Published:2021-08-05 Online:2021-08-05
  • Contact: Yu FENG,Jie MI E-mail:sxyfeng@sina.com;mijie111@163.com

摘要:

煤在气化和燃烧过程中产生的气体污染物和颗粒物会转移到合成气和空气中,从而产生设备腐蚀和环境污染等问题。静电纺丝纤维具有可调控的、超细的直径,多孔的结构,超高的比表面积,可设计的形貌以及易于表面修饰等优点,在气体污染物脱除领域有着巨大的应用价值。介绍了静电纺丝的基本原理和发展现状,综述且简要分析了静电纺丝纳米纤维材料在PMs、CO2、NOx、H2S、SO2和VOCs等气体污染物脱除方面的应用及研究现状。最后,对电纺纤维在气体污染物脱除领域中更广泛、更深入的应用前景进行了展望。

关键词: 气化, 污染物, 吸附剂, 气体净化, 静电纺丝纤维

Abstract:

The gaseous pollutants and particulate matters produced during coal gasification and combustion will be transferred to syngas and air, resulting in problems such as equipment corrosion and environmental pollution. Electrospun nanofibers have the advantages of controllable and ultra-fine diameter, porous structure, ultra-high specific surface area, designable morphology, and easy to be modified on the surface, and thus have great application value in gas pollutants removal. The basic principle, development history and current situation of electrospinning were introduced, and the application and research status of electrospun nanofiber materials in the removal of gas pollutants such as PMs, CO2, NOx, H2S, SO2 and VOCs were summarized and analyzed. Finally, more extensive and depth perspectives of nanofibers material synthesized by electrospinning in the applications of gas pollutants removal were also discussed and expected.

Key words: gasification, pollutant, sorbents, gas purification, electrospun fiber

中图分类号: 

  • X 511

图1

静电纺丝纳米纤维的应用示意图[12]"

图2

静电纺丝装置示意图[15]"

图3

PEO/酪蛋白溶液制备纳米纤维纱线的SEM图像[34]"

图4

珠粒的形貌变化随溶液浓度增大的示意图[38]"

图5

电纺聚环氧乙烷纤维形态随溶液黏度增大的SEM图(从左至右依次增大)[44]"

图6

PA6纤维/纳米PE设计方案示意图[58]"

图7

PAN纳米纤维过滤介质的扫描电镜图[70]"

图8

同轴静电纺丝装置示意图[79]"

图9

ACNF复合材料制备示意图[86]"

图10

Mn3O4/HACNFs的制备过程示意图[98]"

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